Vitamin B2 is also known as riboflavin is one of the member of B-vitamin family. Like other B-vitamins, riboflavin is also a water-soluble vitamin which is secreted through urine because it is easily absorbed by the body and doesn’t stored for a longer time. This vitamin plays a key role in maintaining health in humans as well as animals. It also plays a prominent role in energy metabolism, and for the metabolism of fats, ketone bodies, carbohydrates, and proteins.
It is the central component of the co-factors flavin mono nucleotide (FAD) and flavin adenine dinucleotide(FMN), and is therefore required by all flavo-proteins. It is best known for imparting the orange color to solid B-vitamin preparations, the yellow color to vitamin supplement solutions, and the unusual fluorescent-yellow color to the urine of persons who supplement with high-dose B-complex preparations.
Riboflavin is a vitamin which has antioxidant properties that fight against free radicals present in the body and thus help prevent damage to the body. When we eat the food, the food breaks down into particles. Some of the particles are bonded and some are not bonded. The particles which are not bonded are called free radicals. These free radicals will bond with another particles and thus forms a damage conditions in the body. It can damage cells and DNA, and may contribute to the aging process. It can cause health conditions, such as heart disease and cancer.
Riboflavin is also needed to help the body change vitamin B6 and folate into forms it can use. It is also important for body growth and red blood cell production.
The main sources of riboflavin are milk, cheese, leaf vegetables, liver, kidneys, legumes, tomatoes, yeast, mushrooms, and almonds.
The people who are deficient in riboflavin can have symptoms like fatigue, slowed growth, digestive problems, cracks and sores around the corners of the mouth, swollen magenta-colored tongue, eye fatigue, swelling and soreness of the throat, and sensitivity to light.
Riboflavin is thus useful:
- – Increases energy levels.
- – Boosts immune system.
- – Helps in maintaining skin, hair, mucous membranes and nails.
- – Slowing aging process.