Tag: vitamins

What is Riboflavin?

Vitamin B2 is also known as riboflavin is one of the member of B-vitamin family. Like other B-vitamins, riboflavin is also a water-soluble vitamin which is secreted through urine because it is easily absorbed by the body and doesn’t stored for a longer time. This vitamin plays a key role in maintaining health in humans as well as animals. It also plays a prominent role in energy metabolism, and for the metabolism of fats, ketone bodies, carbohydrates, and proteins.

It is the central component of the co-factors flavin mono nucleotide (FAD) and flavin adenine dinucleotide(FMN), and is therefore required by all flavo-proteins. It is best known for imparting the orange color to solid B-vitamin preparations, the yellow color to vitamin supplement solutions, and the unusual fluorescent-yellow color to the urine of persons who supplement with high-dose B-complex preparations.

Riboflavin is a vitamin which has antioxidant properties that fight against free radicals present in the body and thus help prevent damage to the body. When we eat the food, the food breaks down into particles. Some of the particles are bonded and some are not bonded. The particles which are not bonded are called free radicals. These free radicals will bond with another particles and thus forms a damage conditions in the body. It can damage cells and DNA, and may contribute to the aging process. It can cause health conditions, such as heart disease and cancer.

Riboflavin is also needed to help the body change vitamin B6 and folate into forms it can use. It is also important for body growth and red blood cell production.

The main sources of riboflavin are milk, cheese, leaf vegetables, liver, kidneys, legumes, tomatoes, yeast, mushrooms, and almonds.

The people who are deficient in riboflavin can have symptoms like fatigue, slowed growth, digestive problems, cracks and sores around the corners of the mouth, swollen magenta-colored tongue, eye fatigue, swelling and soreness of the throat, and sensitivity to light.

Riboflavin is thus useful:

  • – Increases energy levels.
  • – Boosts immune system.
  • – Helps in maintaining skin, hair, mucous membranes and nails.
  • – Slowing aging process.

Want to Know about Vitamin B9?

Vitamin B9, also known as folate or folic acid, is one of the B-complex or B vitamins. B-complex helps the body convert food into energy, which is used to produce energy. These B vitamins also help the body use fats and protein. These vitamins are for keeping skin, hair, eyes, and liver healthy. They also help the nervous system function properly.

Vitamin B9 is a water-soluble. It is carried through the bloodstream and excreted through urine. The human body does not store folic acid for a long time. Thus, we have to consume it every day in order to make sure we have it adequately. Folic acid is the synthetic form of vitamin B9 which is found in supplements and fortified foods, where as folate occurs naturally in foods.

The main function of Folic acid in the human body includes:

  • It plays a crucial role in proper brain functioning.
  • It also plays a key role in mental and emotional health.
  • It synthesizes DNA, RNA and to repair.
  • It is important in aiding rapid cell division and growth, such as in infancy and pregnancy. Children and adults both require folic acid to produce healthy red blood cells and prevent anemia.
  • It is also responsible for creating iron in hemoglobin which is crucial for oxygen transport.

This vitamin is found in leafy vegetables such as spinach, asparagus, turnip greens, legumes such as dried or fresh beans, peas and lentils, egg yolks, baker’s yeast, fortified grain products (pasta, cereal, bread), sunflower seeds, liver and liver products contain high amounts of folate, kidney and many more.

People who do not take this vitamin adequately may have diarrhea, heartburn and constipation etc. Folic acid is very important in the development of the nervous system of a developing fetus.

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Want to Know about Vitamin B15 or Pangamic Acid?

Though Pangamic acid( name given to a chemical compound) is not a true vitamin, it is termed as a vitamin B15 and is water soluble. That is the body can not preserve it for longer periods and is secreted through urine. Hence it is necessary to take this vitamin in your daily diet. There is debate going on whether it is an essential nutritional vitamin.

However, this vitamin is more controversial in America and has been removed from the B-Complex vitamins. So there is no availability of this vitamin in the America’s market because it is removed by the FDA two years ago. However, America is monitoring this product usage in treating the diseases in other countries.

Vitamin B15 plays an important role in maintaining muscle tone along the digestive tract, maintains health of the nervous system, skin, eyes, mouth as well as the liver as do all the B vitamins.

The former Soviet Union and the European countries are showing more interest in Vitamin B15 because the scientists are believing that it is a very important nutrient with physiological actions that can treat a multitude of symptoms and diseases. They even showed that this vitamin supplements can reduce the buildup of lactic acid in athletes and thereby lessens fatigues in their muscles and increases endurance.

These countries use this vitamin for various problems such as alcoholism and drug addiction, mental problems such as aging and senility, minimal brain damage in children, autism, and schizophrenia, heart disease and high blood pressure, diabetes, skin diseases, liver disease, and chemical poisonings.

Some research says that if using of vitamin B15 is restricted, there are no symptoms or deficiencies or diseases are observed. Some countries are selling vitamin B15 as an antioxidant product. (more…)

All You Need to Know about Vitamin Bt or Carnitine?

In living cells, carnitine is required for transporting fatty acids from the cytosine to the mitochondria during the breakdown of fats for generating metabolic energy. This vitamin also belongs to the group of B vitamins. It is widely available as a nutritional supplement. Carnitine exists in many forms such as D-carnitine, L-carnitine, DL-carnitine as well as acetylene-L-carnitine but its biologically active form is L-carnitine, whereas the inactive enantiomer is D-carnitine.

It is therefore important for the supplying of energy in the cells, as well as muscles, helps in prevent fatty build-up in areas such as the heart, liver, and skeletal muscles.
It even reduces the risk of poor fat metabolism in diabetes, alcohol-induced fatty liver as well as the risk of heart problems. With the help of carnitine, there is improvement in the antioxidant effect of vitamin C as well as E.

L-carnitine supplements are used to increase L-carnitine levels in people whose natural level of L-carnitine is too low because they have a genetic disorder, are taking certain drugs (valproic acid for seizures), or because they are undergoing a medical procedure (dialysis for kidney disease) that uses up the body’s L-carnitine. It is also used as a replacement supplement in strict vegetarians, dieters, and low-weight or premature infants.

L-carnitine is used for treating the conditions of the heart and blood vessels including heart-related chest pain, congestive heart failure (CHF), heart complications of a disease called diphtheria, heart attack, leg pain caused by circulation problems, and high cholesterol.

Some people use L-carnitine for muscle disorders associated with certain AIDS medications, difficulty in fathering a child (male infertility), a brain development disorder called Rett syndrome, anorexia, chronic fatigue syndrome, diabetes, overactive thyroid, attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), leg ulcers, Lyme disease, and to improve athletic performance and endurance. (more…)